Access Over Ownership

Providing access to products or services without the need for ownership

Access over Ownership Business Model Pattern

Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern

The Access Over Ownership business model pattern offers customers access to products or services without the need for ownership, providing flexibility, cost savings, and increased accessibility.

This model impacts the value proposition, key resources, revenue streams, customer relationships, and key activities of a business.

Implementing Access Over Ownership involves identifying suitable offerings, defining the access model, developing infrastructure, establishing partnerships, communicating value, and continuously improving.

What is the Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern?

Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern
  1. The Access Over Ownership business model pattern is a strategy where companies offer customers access to products or services without the need for ownership. Instead of selling a product outright, businesses provide temporary access to the product or service, often through subscriptions, rentals, or pay-per-use models. This approach allows customers to enjoy the benefits of the offering without the responsibilities and costs associated with ownership, such as maintenance, storage, or upfront investment. This model is used for electric scooters for instance.
  2. The platform matches and coordinates those that have assets and those that need to use assets for a short-time.

Why is the Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern Important?

The Access Over Ownership business model pattern is important because it offers several key benefits for both customers and businesses:

  • Flexibility and Convenience: Customers can access products or services on-demand, without the long-term commitment of ownership, allowing them to adapt to changing needs or preferences easily.
  • Cost Savings: By accessing products or services only when needed, customers can save money on upfront costs, maintenance, and storage, while businesses can reduce their inventory and production costs.
  • Increased Accessibility: The Access Over Ownership model makes products or services more accessible to a wider range of customers who may not have the means or desire to own them outright.
  • Sustainable Consumption: This model promotes more sustainable consumption patterns by reducing waste and encouraging the efficient use of resources, as products can be shared among multiple users. Research shows that users following carsharing are less likely to buy and own a car.
  • Recurring Revenue: For businesses, offering access instead of ownership can generate a more predictable and stable recurring revenue stream, as customers continue to pay for access over time.

Impact on the Business Model

Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern

The Access Over Ownership business model pattern significantly impacts various aspects of a company’s overall business model:

  • Value Proposition: The company’s value proposition shifts from providing ownership to offering convenient, flexible, and cost-effective access to products or services.
  • Key Resources: The company’s key resources include the products or services being offered, as well as the technology and infrastructure needed to facilitate access, such as platforms, apps, or physical locations.
  • Revenue Streams: Revenue is generated through recurring payments for access, such as subscriptions, membership fees, or pay-per-use charges, rather than one-time sales.
  • Key Activities: Key activities include managing the products or services being offered, maintaining the access infrastructure, and continuously improving the customer experience to drive retention and loyalty.

How to Implement the Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern

To successfully implement the Access Over Ownership business model pattern, companies should follow these steps:

  1. Identify Suitable Offerings: Determine which products or services are well-suited for an Access Over Ownership model, considering factors such as customer needs, market demand, and the practical feasibility of providing access.
  2. Define the Access Model: Decide on the specific access model to be used, such as subscriptions, rentals, or pay-per-use, and determine the terms, pricing, and any limitations or restrictions.
  3. Develop the Access Infrastructure: Build the necessary technology and infrastructure to support the Access Over Ownership model, such as platforms, apps, or physical locations, ensuring a seamless and user-friendly experience for customers.
  4. Establish Partnerships: Identify and establish partnerships with key stakeholders, such as suppliers, logistics providers, or maintenance services, to ensure the smooth operation and delivery of the access-based offering.
  5. Communicate the Value Proposition: Clearly communicate the benefits and value of the Access Over Ownership model to potential customers, emphasizing the flexibility, convenience, and cost savings compared to traditional ownership.
  6. Continuously Improve and Adapt: Monitor customer feedback and market trends, and continuously improve the access-based offering to meet changing needs and preferences, ensuring long-term success and sustainability.

Trigger Questions

  • How can we shift from selling products to offering access to products or services?
  • What assets or resources do we have that could be shared or rented out to customers?
  • How can we create a seamless and attractive customer experience for accessing our offerings?
  • What pricing models and subscription plans would best suit our access-based business model?
  • How can we ensure the maintenance, quality, and availability of our shared assets or resources?

Examples of the Access Over Ownership Business Model Pattern

  • Zipcar: Zipcar is a car-sharing service that allows members to rent vehicles by the hour or day, providing access to transportation without the costs and responsibilities of car ownership.
  • Rent the Runway: Rent the Runway offers designer clothing and accessory rentals, giving customers access to high-end fashion without the need to purchase expensive items outright.
  • Netflix: Netflix provides access to a vast library of movies and TV shows through a monthly subscription, eliminating the need for customers to purchase or own individual titles.
  • WeWork: WeWork offers shared workspace and office services, allowing businesses and individuals to access professional workspaces without the long-term commitment and costs of traditional office leases.


The Access Over Ownership business model pattern reflects a growing trend towards more flexible, convenient, and sustainable consumption. By providing access to products and services without the burden of ownership, companies can attract a wider customer base, generate recurring revenue, and contribute to a more efficient use of resources. As consumer preferences continue to shift towards experiences over possessions, the Access Over Ownership model is likely to become increasingly relevant and prevalent across various industries.

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